Science of Herbs

Trachyspermum Ammi

Trachyspermum Ammi

Common Name: Ajwain, Yavani
English Name: The Bishop’s Weed, Ajova Seeds
Botanical Name: Carum copticum Benth.& Hook. Syn Trachyspermum ammi Sprague Linn.
Family: Umbelliferae

Description: It is widely grown in arid and semi-arid regions[ where soils contain high levels of salts.  Ajwain is a profusely branched annual herb, 60-90 cm tall. Stem is striated; inflorescence compound umbel with 16 umbellets, each containing up to 16 flowers.

Chemical Constituents: Ajwain fruits yield 2% to 4% brownish essential oil, with thymol as the major constituent (35% to 60%). The nonthymol fraction (thymene) contains para-cymene, γ-terpenine, α- and β-pinenes, dipentene, α-terpinene, and carvacrol. Minute amounts of camphene, myrcene, and α-3-carene also have been found in the plant. Alcoholic extracts contain a highly hygroscopic saponin. From the fruits, an yellow, crystalline flavone and a steroid-like substance has been isolated and it also contains 6-O-β-glucopyranosyloxythymol, glucoside and yields 25% oleoresin containing 12% volatile oil (thymol, γ-terpinene, para-cymene, and α- and β-pinene). The principal oil constituents of T. ammi are carvone (46%), limonene (38%), and dillapiole (9%).

Properties: Ajwain is very useful in alleviating spasmodic pains of the stomach and intestines in adults as well as children. Any colicky pain due to flatulence (gas), indigestion and infections in the intestines can easily be relieved by taking one teaspoonful of Ajwain. It is a good anti-acidic agent. It helps to bring out the mucus easily and alleviates chronic bronchitis and asthma to great extent. It also helps in getting relief from chronic cold. It will also reduce the craving and desire for alcohol. Ajwain oil can also be used to massage legs and knees to get relief from pain from arthritis. It is beneficial in treatment of rheumatic and neuralgic pain. The smoke of burning Ajwain seeds is effective in treating toothache.

Used in the following MATXIN products:

  • Blackseed Cold Rub
  • MITVANA Sensitive Dental Cream