Science of Herbs

Pogostomen Patchouli

Pogostomen Patchouli

Common Name: Pachi, Patchouli
English Name: Patchouli
Botanical Name: Pogostomen patchouli var. sauvis Hook.f. syn P.Cablin Benth
Family: Labiatae

Description: This fragrant herb, with soft, opposite, egg-shaped leaves and square stems, grows from 2 to 3 feet in height, giving out the peculiar, characteristic odour of patchouli when rubbed. Its whitish flowers, tinged with purple, grow in both axillary and terminal spikes. The crop is cut two or three times a year, the leaves being dried and packed in bales and exported for distillation of the oil.

Chemical Constituents: The chemical components of patchouli oil are b-patchoulene, a-guaiene, caryophyllene, a-patchoulene, seychellene, a-bulnesene, norpatchoulenol, patchouli alcohol and pogostol.

Properties: Patchouli Essential Oil can be attributed to its properties as an antidepressant, Anti-stress, antiphlogistic, antiseptic, aphrodisiac, astringent, deodorant, diuretic, febrifuge, sedative.

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