Science of Herbs

Operculina Turpethum

Operculina Turpethum

Common Name: Nisoth, Trivrit
English Name: Turpeth Root, Indian Jalap
Botanical Name: Operculina turpethum Silva Manso;Syn.Ipomoea turpethum R.Br.
Family: Convolvulaceae

Description:  Nisoth plant is a large twining plant with milky juice; root long, branched, fleshy; stems winged. Leaves 4-10 by 1.5-7 cm, ovate, cordate. Flowers white, 4-5 cm long, funnel-shaped, in few flowered bunches. Sepals about 2 cm long, but when plant is in fruit, they become much larger and brittle and enclose the fruits.

Chemical Constituents: Plant contains scopoletin. Resin contains turpethinic acid A-E. Root contains glycoside alpha-turpethin and beta- turpethin, volatile oil. Resin contain turpethinic acids A, B, C, D and E. It also contains β-sitosterol, betulin and lupeol. some terpenoide cycloartenol, lanosta-5-ene and 24-methylene-δ 5-lanosterol.

Properties: It has anthelmintic expectorant, antipyretic, anti-inflammatory and purgative properties. It is one of the plants mentioned in the literature having claims of activity against liver disorders. It is anti inflammatory in action because of its hot potency. It is also used to relieve flatulence and colic.

Used in the following MATXIN products:

  • Respimet tablets
  • Laxotab tablets