Science of Herbs

Nordostachy Jatamansi

Nordostachy Jatamansi

Common Name: Jatamansi
English Name: Spikenard, Indian Nard, Nardus root
Botanical Name: Nardostachys jatamansi DC.
Family: Valerianaceae

Description: Jatamamsi is a perennial herb that is propagated by cuttings of the underground parts. The plant grows to a height ranging from 10 to 60 cm and has stout and long woody root stocks. The long, sessile and oblong-ovate leaves are 15 to 20 cm in length. The rhizomes are thick, fragrant and covered with brown fibers. 

Chemical Constituents: The plant contains Jatamansone or valeranone, nardostachone, dihydrojatamansin, jatamansinol, jatamansic acid, jatamansinone, jatamansinol, oroseolol, oroselone, seselin, valeranal, nardostachyin. nardosinone, spirojatamol, jatamol A and B, calarenol, seychellene, seychelane, coumarin: jatamansin or xanthogalin. More over roots contain Valeranone, valeranal, nardone, calarenol, nardostechone.


  • Jatamansi is a traditionally known as a nervine tonic.
  • Root of Jatamansi is a memory enhancer and is neuro-protective.
  • It helps manage stress, tension and anxiety.
  • It has anti-depressant activity and increases the level of serotonin.
  • It also increases the level of taurine (an amino acid (considered to be though, technically it may not be an amino acid) that helps in improving brain, heart functions, in attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, It is useful in insomnia and sleep disorders.

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