Science of Herbs

Aegle Marmelos

Aegle marmelos

Common Name: Bael, Sriphal
English Name: Bengal Quince, Bael Fruit
Botanical Name: Aegle marmelos Corr.
Family: Rutaceae

Description: Bael is also known as Bale fruit tree, is a moderate sized , slender, aromatic tree, 6.0 -7.5 m in height, and 90 to 120 cm in girth, with a some what fluted bole of 3.0-4.5 meter growing wild throughout the deciduous forests of India, ascending to an altitude of 1200 meter in the western Himalayas and also occurring in Andaman island.

Chemical Composition: Leaf contains Skimmianine, Aegeline, Lupeol, Cineol, Citral, Citronella, Cuminaldehyde, Eugenol, Marmesinine. Bark contains Skimmianine, Fagarine , Marmin and Fruit contains Marmelosin, Luvangetin, Aurapten, Psoralen, Marmelide, Tannin.

Properties: The medicinal value of Bael fruit is enhanced due to presence of Tanin, the evaporating substance in its rind. The rind contains 20% and the pulp has only 9% of Tanin. This substance helps to cure diabetes. The fruit of A. marmelos possess high nutritional value. The fruit is used to make juice and other products. The pulp is reported to contain water, sugars, protein, fiber, fat, calcium, phosphorus, potassium, Iron, minerals and vitamins (Vitamin A, Vitamin B1, Vitamin C and Riboflavin). A. marmelos has been traditionally used for the treatment of various infectious diseases and been extensible reported to inhibit the broad range of pathogenic microorganisms. Many in vitro studies proved the antimicrobial potential of A. marmelos extracts towards the pathogenic microorganisms including bacteria and fungi. Antidiarrheal activity is one of the major medicinal properties of A. marmelos and traditionally it is extensively used to control chronic diarrhea and dysentery. Recently, several in vitro and in vivo studies have been conducted to confirm the antidiarrheal property of A. marmelos. A. marmelos is also effective in arthritis, joint pains. It has potent hepatoprotective and cytoprotective activity. 

Used in the following MATXIN product:

  • Leucofem tablets
  • Belorina caplets
  • Bael capsules